Macular degeneration can greatly impact a person's life if not treated right away. The doctors of Spectrum Eye Physicians in Central California are here to help. Below are some frequently asked questions about macular degeneration.
What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is when the macula deteriorates due to age. The macula is in the retina of your eye. This condition is also named age-related macular degeneration since it affects people as they age. Most people lose vision with macular degeneration as they get older.
What Causes Macular Degeneration?
There is no definite cause of macular degeneration, although people over 60 are diagnosed with the condition the most. Other possible causes include a family history of macular degeneration, being a woman, being Caucasian, being around ultraviolet light, and unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking.
There are two main types of AMD are wet and dry. Wet AMD occurs when blood vessels that do not develop correctly change the shape of the retina and damages your retina. 90% of vision loss from AMD is caused by the wet kind, although it’s not as common as dry AMD.
Dry AMD is when a substance called drusen breaks down your retina. Drusen are small yellow or white fatty deposits that grow on the retina. Dry AMD is a slow progression of macular degeneration.
What are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
There are several symptoms of macular degeneration. These include having a hard time seeing details and color. As the disease progresses, you eventually lose your center vision. Patients point out that driving, reading, and seeing people's faces becomes harder to do.
How is it Treated?
If you have any of the above symptoms, contact us to make an appointment so that we can diagnose and treat your age-related macular degeneration. We will perform an overall wellness exam to treat your macular degeneration correctly. This exam will include putting eye drops in your eye to dilate your pupils. We will then check your eye for drusens and other signs of AMD. Getting your yearly eye exam can help us catch and treat AMD early.
Vitamins and antioxidants can help slow down the dry type of AMD. An anti-VEGF therapy shot or laser surgery may be recommended if you have the wet type of AMD. The anti-VEGF therapy shot can reduce the growth of blood vessels in your eye that causes AMD.
Spectrum Eye Physicians
Make an appointment with us at your earliest convenience so that we can treat your macular degeneration. We have several offices located in San Jose, Los Gatos, Cupertino, and Santa Cruz. Call to make an appointment at 408-884-2215.